THE CHURCH OF THE MYRELAION, BODROUM JAMISSI
THE identification of Bodroum Jamissi as the church attached to the monastery styled the Myrelaion rests upon the tradition current in the' Greek community when Gyllius visited the city. According to that traveller the church on the hill rising to the north of the eastern end of the gardens of Vlanga, the site of the ancient harbour of Theodosius, was known as the Myrelaionóc Supra locum hortorum Blanchae nuticupatorum, olim Portum Theodosianum continentium, extremam partem ad ortum solis pertinentem, clivus a Septentrione eminet, in quo est templum vulgo nominatum Myreleos.'l This agrees, so far, with the statement of the Anonymus2 of the eleventh century, that the Myrelaion stood on the side of the city looking towards the Sea of Marmora. There is no record of the date when the monastery was founded. But the House must have been in existence before the eighth century, for Constantine Copronymus (740-775), the bitter iconoclast, displayed his contempt for monks and all their ways by scattering the fraternity, and changing the fragrant name of the establishment, Myrelaion, the place of myrrh-oil, into the offensive designation, Psarelaion, the place of fish-oil.3 The monastery was restored by the Emperor Romanus I. Lecapenus (919-945), who devoted his residence in this district to that object.4 Hence the monastery was sometimes described as cin the palace of the Myrelaion/ 5 eV row ira\artoi? rov Mvpe\aiov>
1 De top. C.P. in. c. 8. 2 Banduri, HI. p. 48. 3 Ibid, uf supra.
4 Theoph. Cont. p, 40*. 6 Scyfitzes, in Cedrenus, H. p. 649.